The Best Java Frameworks for Web Development

Java remains a major player in web development. It’s super scalable and has a big developer community. After all, building web applications from scratch can be annoyingly repetitive. This is where Java frameworks come in.

They provide pre-built components that fast-track the development process. For example:

  • Front-end frameworks focus on UI development, making it easier to create interactive web pages.
  • Java back-end frameworks handle server-side logic and database interaction—not to mention business processes.
  • Full-stack frameworks include both front-end and back-end development and offer a 360-degree solution for building web applications.

In this article, we’ll cover everything from the best Java frameworks for web development to Java backend frameworks you can’t miss—and tell you what you need to know to be an expert.

Top Java Frameworks


Spring is a widely used open-source framework. Tons of modularity and flexibility here. It offers two core features that significantly improve efficiency:

  • Dependency Injection: This removes the need for manual object creation and configuration. Spring manages object lifecycles and dependencies, making code cleaner and easier to test.
  • MVC Architecture: Spring promotes a clean separation of concerns by following the Model-View-Controller architecture. This improves code organization and maintainability.

Using Spring leads to increased developer productivity by reducing boilerplate code and enabling a focus on core functionalities. It excels in building enterprise applications and RESTful APIs due to its strong features and extensive ecosystem of libraries


Struts is a mature MVC framework offering a structured approach to web development. Its key features include:

  • Action Classes: These handle user requests and perform business logic.
  • Interceptors: Interceptors can be chained to perform actions before or after processing an action class. This adds functionalities like logging or security checks.
  • Validation: Struts provides built-in features for data validation that enhance data integrity within the application.

Struts is a solid choice for Java web development with complex business logic. The focus on organization and control flow is hard to beat.

JSF (JavaServer Faces)

JSF takes a unique approach by focusing on a component-based development model. Components are reusable UI building blocks that can be combined to create complex interfaces.

And the benefits?

  • Easier User Interface Development: JSF simplifies UI development with declarative syntax. This reduces the need for writing extensive Java code.
  • Reusable Components: JSF promotes code reuse by allowing developers to create custom components that can be incorporated across different pages.

JSF is great for building web applications with rich user interfaces.


The Play framework is another popular choice for Java web development. Its strengths include:

  • Microservices Architecture: Play allows for building applications as a collection of small, independent services. This means more modularity and scalability.
  • Rapid Development: Play’s concise syntax and features like hot reloading pave the way for faster development cycles.

This makes Play a good fit for developing web apps that need to move at lightning speed to stay ahead of the competition.

Choosing Your Framework

Selecting the right Java framework hinges on several key factors. We go over some of them below.

Look at Your Project Requirements

Consider the specific functionalities and features your application needs. Frameworks like Spring cater well to enterprise applications with lots of complexity while JSF is good for UI development.

Think About the Background of Your Team

Evaluate your development team’s familiarity with different frameworks. Choosing a framework your team is comfortable with can improve the development process and reduce learning curves.

Consider the Need to Scale

The long-term trajectory of your project should be factored in. Spring and Play can handle large and ever-expanding applications, so could be your best bet there.

Testing, Testing, Testing

Java testing frameworks are also important when it comes to code quality. Tools like JUnit and Selenium (for web UI testing) help developers analyze the effectiveness of their applications. Java testing frameworks should not be overlooked.

You wouldn’t take a cake out of the oven before checking to see if it was done, would you? The same goes for Java testing frameworks. They help deliver that final layer of QC you need to develop with confidence.

Final Thoughts

Java web development is an art as much as a science. From Java backend frameworks to full-stack development, Java tools help bring visions to life.

The fact is that Java frameworks give devs a head start by providing ready-made components and features. This means less time wrestling with boilerplate code and more time focusing on what makes the app unique.

Think of it this way: if you were building a house, you wouldn’t start by chopping down trees and making logs. You’d use pre-made lumber and concrete blocks to get things going faster.

Frameworks are the building blocks of web development—and let you get to the good stuff quicker.

By choosing the right framework for the right project, you can crank out high-quality apps faster. This translates to happy clients who get their app up and running sooner.

Frameworks aren’t a silver bullet, but they can still help developers like you build the next great thing.

Don’t want to do the heavy lifting yourself? For web application development services you can count on, check out Taazaa. We are a custom software development company that will take your needs into account and deliver the solution you are looking for—every single time.

Naveen Joshi

Chief Marketing Officer

Naveen is the Chief Marketing Officer at Taazaa. He has spent 15+ years understanding the core of marketing and sales in technology. His pursuit of getting things done in the best way possible has taught him to distinguish theory from practice.